Very little is known about sharks in Mozambique. Our Scientific Director, Calum Murie, is working to examine the movements, habitat use and feeding ecology of bull (Zambezi), hammerhead, oceanic blacktip, and grey reef sharks. To date, we are tracking 22 sharks along Inhambane coastline and in the Bazaruto Archipelago National Park area. The sharks will transmit data on their movements for up to 10 years. It is our aim to help the region to develop policies that maintain shark populations.
Our shark tracking project is the first in southern Mozambique and it will provide the first information on predatory sharks in the area. Acoustic telemetry uses sound produced by using harmless tags that we attach to sharks. Once the information we need has been gathered, the tags are released. As sharks swim through our network of tracking stations, we develop amazing novel data on their movements. .
Part of this project is located in the Bazaruto Archipelago National Park (BANP). Here, our researchers investigate aspects of the ecology of endangered sharks through acoustic telemetry and sampling that will inform existing policies to further benefit endangered sharks in the park. We will reveal aspects of their behaviour that will be important to understanding sharks in Mozambique.
The other study area of the project is sited in Inhambane estuary and Tofo bay. Investigating shark movements in the area will allow us to examine the degree of presence of large sharks in the region and the importance of the habitats that support them.